Russia and France have enjoyed around 40 years of successful and mutually beneficial cooperation in the area of natural gas supply. In this time, over 354.8 bcm of “blue fuel” has been exported to France. Exports to this country in 2015 came to 9.7 bcm.
The first two contracts were signed on September 3, 1975 and entailed delivering gas to the Slovak-Austrian border. Within the framework of the Gas for Pipes project, a third contract was signed on October 28, 1983 for delivering gas to the border of Czechoslovakia and West Germany.
On December 19, 2006, Gazprom Export and ENGIE signed a major package of commercial agreements which covered extending their existing contracts through 2031, relocating delivery points to the French border, transferring part of the natural gas volumes—and the corresponding transmission capacities—to Gazprom Export for the purpose of operating in France’s retail market, and selling new volumes delivered through the Nord Stream pipeline.
Deliveries via Nord Stream started from January 1, 2014 and now amount to 2.5 bcm per annum.
In 2015, the exports grew by 36.8 per cent versus 2014. The growth trend continues in 2016: according to preliminary data, Gazprom’s gas supplies to the French Republic from January 1 through June 15 increased by 34.6 per cent compared to the same period of 2015.
Besides our partnership with ENGIE, cooperation with EDF has been developing actively since 2009: On November 27, 2009 Gazprom and EDF signed a Memorandum of Understanding on engaging in long-term mutually beneficial cooperation in the gas sector, electrical power, and UGS. Gazprom and EDF signed a binding document on gas supply at the St. Petersburg International Economic Forum on June 21, 2013.
As part of Gazprom’s strategy of entering the retail market, a new Gazprom Group company was registered in France in 2006: Gazprom Marketing & Trading France, engaged in supplying gas to end consumers in France.
On June 18, 2015, during the 19th St. Petersburg International Economic Forum, Gazprom and ENGIE signed a Memorandum of Understanding and Cooperation regarding the Nord Stream 2 project; some key agreements relating to this project were signed in September 2015 at the Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok.
Demand for Russian gas remaining high in France — 17.06.2016