Poland is the oldest buyer of Russian gas. The first small-scale volumes were supplied to Poland from 1944. In recent years, Poland has ranked first in Eastern Europe in terms of Russian gas import volumes. Supply from Russia meets 50% of Polish demand for gas.
Natural gas supply to Poland and transit via its territory are covered by long-term contracts with PGNiG SA and EuRoPol GAZ s.a., under an Intergovernmental Agreement dated August 25, 1993 on Russian gas supply to Poland and the creation of a gas pipeline system for gas transit through Poland to Western Europe.
Polskie Gornictwo Naftowe i Gazownictwo (PGNiG) is Poland’s largest oil and gas company. It is involved in oil and gas field development, production, storage, and transmission of these primary energy products, construction and development of the national oil and gas transmission system, and gas imports and exports. The company was established as a state enterprise in 1982. In 1990, it was transformed into a 100% state-owned joint-stock company. Following partial privatization, the government’s stake is now 72.4%.
EuRoPol GAZ, a Russian-Polish joint venture, was established in 1993 to design, finance, and build gas transit pipeline systems on Polish territory. The company owns the
As at January 1, 2016, around 292.7 bcm of natural gas had been sold in Poland, including 8.9 bcm in 2015, 378 mcm of this being fuel gas.