Eastern Siberia and the Far East of Russia are considered to be highest priority regions for Gazprom in the long-term perspective development.
The state policy on the gas infrastructure development in the Russian Far East is stipulated in the Development Program for the Integrated Gas Production, Transportation and Supply System with due regard to possible exports to China and Asia-Pacific markets, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation on June 15, 2007
It is the first project executed in Russia which is based on the PSA. Sakhalin Energy Investment Company Ltd. (Sakhalin Energy) is the operator of Sakhalin-2 Project. The shareholders are OAO Gazprom (50 per cent, plus one share), Shell Sakhalin Holdings B. V. (parent company Royal-Dutch Shell plc, Netherlands, 27.5 per cent minus one share), Mitsui Sakhalin Holdings B. V. (parent company Mitsui and Co. Ltd., Japan, 12.5 per cent) and Diamond Gas Sakhalin B. V. (parent company Mitsubishi Corporation, Japan, 10 per cent).
Implementation of the world’s largest integrated oil and gas Sakhalin-2 project accelerated a number of processes of crucial importance for the development of Russia and the Sakhalin Region. The company’s 2015 IFRS financial statements report the revenue of US$ 6.192 billion and net income of US$ 1.962 billion.
This is Russia’s first natural gas liquefaction project, and it marks a a technological breakthrough for Russia, while LNG transportation adds a new segment to the Russian shipping market.
Phase 1 involved first oil production from an offshore platform Molikpaq installed at the Piltun-Astokhskoye field in 1999. Phase 2 included the installation of two further platforms, 300 km-long offshore pipelines connect all three platforms to shore, more than 800 km of onshore oil and gas pipelines, an onshore processing facility, an oil export terminal and the construction of Russia’s first liquefied natural gas plant.
Environmental protection is a major focus of attention for Sakhalin-2 partners. Being a natural resources project, mitigation of potential environmental impacts is number one priority.
In the course of design documentation development for both phases of the Sakhalin-2 project, environmental impact assessment was undertaken, including a detailed assessment of all the negative impacts and the development of prevention and mitigation plans. The design documentation has been approved by the State Environmental Expert Review of the Russian Federation.
Sakhalin-2’s aggregated extractable reserves stand at around 150 million tons (more than one billion barrels) of oil and 500 billion cubic meters of gas. The Sakhalin-2 project began to perform
In March 2014 the volume of gas liquefied at the plant reached a symbolic figure of 50 million tons. In August 2015 the overall volume reached 65 million tons.
In June 2015, Gazprom and Shell signed a Memorandum to construct the third production train of the LNG plant within Sakhalin II, with target capacity up to 5 million tons of LNG per year. Commissioning of the project is scheduled for 2021.
In 2015 Sakhalin Energy extracted 5.15 million tons (40.2 million barrels) of oil and produced 10.8 million tons of LNG. The company exceeded its production targets and shipped 57 cargoes of oil and 166 cargoes of LNG (while the target figures were 51 and 162 cargoes, respectively).
Sakhalin Energy offloaded the 1000th LNG cargo – 26.08.2015