The transnational Yamal-Europe gas pipeline passes through four countries: Russia, Belarus, Poland, and Germany. This export corridor increased the flexibility and reliability of Russian gas supplies to Western Europe. The European Union made the Yamal-Europe gas pipeline a Trans-European Networks (TEN) priority investment project.
Construction began in 1994, and with the commissioning of its final compressor station in 2006
Yamal-Europe reached its design capacity of 32.9 bcm per year. The pipeline has 14 compressor stations, a pipe diameter of 1,420 millimeters, and a total length of over 2,000 kilometers (km).
The line originates from the Torzhok gas transportation junction in Russia’s Tver Region, where it receives gas from the Northern Tyumen Regions (SRTO)-Torzhok pipeline. The Russian section is 402 km long, with three compressor stations: Rzhevskaya, Holm-Zhirkovskaya, and Smolenskaya.
The pipeline’s Belarusian sector is 575 km long, with five compressor stations: Nesvizhskaya, Krupskaya, Slonimskaya, Minskaya, and Orshanskaya. Gazprom is the sole owner of the Belarusian sector of the pipeline.
The Polish sector is 683 km long, with five compressor stations: Ciechanów, Szamotuły, Zambrów, Włocławek, and Kondratki. The Polish sector of the pipeline is owned by EuRoPol GAZ (a joint venture between Gazprom and Poland’s PGNiG).
The pipeline’s westernmost point is the Mallnow compressor station near Frankfurt (Oder), close to the German-Polish border, where the pipeline connects to the JAGAL-Nord gas transportation system, which in turn connects it with the STEGAL West-MIDAL-Rehden UGS gas transportation system and STEGAL East-Olbernhau, where the German and Czech transmission systems meet. The German part of the pipeline is owned by Gascade (formerly WINGAS Transport).
WINGAS Transport GmbH was renamed Gascade Gastransport GmbH as of March 1, 2012. The name change had no impact on business relationships, and all existing contracts with WINGAS Transport GmbH remained unchanged. In order to ensure transportation to the customer delivery point, Gascade reserved additional pipeline capacity for supplies to the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.