New markets in the Asia-Pacific Region
In accordance with strategy to become a global energy company and particularly in pursuit of geographical diversification, Gazprom Group is interested in broadening its foothold on new markets in the Asia-Pacific Region (APR). The company’s strategy is determined by the dynamic development of the Asian energy market and by the location of Russia’s major resource centers in close proximity to APR. Our target markets include China, South Korea, Japan and, at a later stage, niche markets, e.g. Singapore.
Gas supply to China
Gazprom diversifies its exports by entering the Chinese market. The commitment to gas supplies to China will not affect contractual obligations to other countries purchasing Russian gas. Gazprom possesses sufficient gas resources and production capabilities to meet all of these obligations.
According to the conservative forecasts by domestic and foreign experts, in 2020 China’s gas demand may reach 300 — 400 billion cubic meters.
On May 21, 2014, Gazprom and Chinese CNPC signed a contract to supply China with 38 bcm of Russian gas per annum for 30 years. The President of Russia Vladimir Putin and the President of China Xi Jinping were present at the signing ceremony.
On October 13, 2014, a Technical Agreement was signed as a supplement to the Purchase and Sale Agreement on natural gas supplies via the Eastern route. The Technical Agreement defines basic parameters of design, construction and operation of the Power of Siberia gas pipeline’s cross-border section. In addition, the document contains the main technical and technological conditions of gas transfer from seller to buyer.
The resource base for gas deliveries to China are Irkutsk (Kovyktinskoe gas condensate field) and Yakutsk (Chayandinskoe oil and gas field) gas production centers. Gas deliveries will be carried out via the Power of Siberia gas pipeline that will stretch for 4000 km.
It is planned to launch gas production sourced from the Chayandinskoye field in late 2018. By this time, the top-priority section of the Power of Siberia GTS from the Chayandinskoye field to Blagoveshchensk and primary gas processing capacities will be put onstream. This will make possible to initiate direct gas supplies to China in 2019 according to the obligations set out by the signed contract.
Signing of the Framework Agreement between Gazprom and CNPC on gas delivery from Russia to China using the Western route, which took place in Beijing on November 9, 2014, became another milestone in enhancing Russian-Chinese gas cooperation. To implement the agreement, a new Power of Siberia-2 pipeline system is due to be constructed within the existing transmission corridor from Western Siberia to Novosibirsk with a follow-up extension to the Russian-Chinese border. The
All expenses for pre-investment studies of the Power of Siberia-2 pipeline project are covered under the approved draft budget of the Gazprom Group Investment Program for 2015.
Both Russian and Chinese parties actively work on the promotion of the project. In the beginning of May, 2015, Gazprom and CNPC outlined the main technical and commercial parameters of the future supplies. They are defined by the Heads of Agreement for pipeline gas supply from Russia to China via the Western route, signed by the Gazprom Management Committee Chairman Alexey Miller and the CNPC Vice President Wang Dongjin.
New markets in the Atlantic Basin
Latin America is another region of interest for Gazprom Group’s business; not only for its extensive gas and oil reserves, but also due to rapid gas market growth in countries like Brazil, Argentina, and Mexico. Therefore, some countries in this region are not only potential sources of LNG, but potential sales markets as well. Gazprom Marketing & Trading Mexico gives Gazprom Group a presence in the Mexican market, leasing capacity at the Costa Azul regasification terminal to receive LNG from the Sakhalin-2 project.
In 2013, Gazprom Marketing & Trading won an international tender to supply 15 LNG shipments totalling 1 million tons from Gazprom Group’s portfolio to Argentina in
Also among the Atlantic Basin’s promising markets for Gazprom Group’s LNG are the Middle East and North Africa: countries such as Kuwait, the UAE, and Egypt, where domestic demand continues to grow but domestic production is declining (along with exports in the case of Egypt and the UAE). Gazprom Marketing & Trading has already exported some LNG to Kuwait and the UAE, and negotiations for deliveries to Egypt are in progress.
With the aim of expanding its presence in Atlantic Basin markets, Gazprom is also developing the Baltic LNG project. A decision to move the project to the investment stage was taken in early 2015. The plant will be built in the port of Ust-Luga, 160 kilometers from St. Petersburg, with an annual output capacity of 10 million tons. This project’s target markets are countries in the Atlantic Basin, along with India.